How to change the bearing in the washing machine
How to understand that bearing replacement in a washing machine is necessary? She makes a noise, creaks, knocks in the process of washing clothes. These unpleasant sounds can be amplified over time. And if you do not replace the damaged part in time, then later it will be more difficult to do. In addition, a knock can turn into an unbearable rumble over time. If you do not change this spare part at all, then soon the machine will completely fail. And its repair will be extremely expensive. The best option when detecting a bearing failure immediately change it to a new one.
Bearings may fail if the washing machine is used for a long time. They also break due to water. Water leakage causes corrosion, which spoils the part. Leaks occur due to the fault of the omentum. It has a limited shelf life. And often it starts to let fluid through 5-7 years of work. The seal is located next to the bearings. And with each replacement of bearings it is customary to change it.
Self-replacement of the bearing is a very complicated matter and not at all quick. Therefore, before embarking on it, you need to decide whether you are ready to do all the necessary work with your own hands? If the work is too complicated, it is better to call a professional master. All the work together with the new part will cost you about a third of the cost of a new washing machine. Of course, prices on the home appliance market and its repair can be different. And the cost given here is conditional.
If you decide to do all the work yourself, then this article will help you. And for those who better perceive the video, we recommend that you immediately go down below and find the entire repair process in video format.
Tools and Parts Required
For this task, we need to almost completely disassemble the washing machine. And naturally, we will need tools. What exactly do we need?
- Screwdrivers (slotted and Phillips).
- Special screwdriver with various nozzles.
- Round pliers.
- A set of keys of various sizes.
- Water resistant sealant.
- Chisel (dumb).
- Rubber mallet.
- Big ordinary hammer.
We also need a stuffing box and bearings. They can be purchased at various services and specialty stores. If you do not know any such organization, then simply type in Yandex, Google or another search engine: “Buy bearings for a washing machine”, it is better to add the name of your city to this request. For example, "buy bearings in Moscow." In the search results you can find companies selling parts. Tell them the brand of your machine. Then they inform you about the cost of spare parts. In extreme cases, you can first remove the old parts, and only then pick up exactly the same new ones.
Disassemble the washing machine
First, we need to remove the upper part of the body (cover). It is fastened with two screws on the back. After you unscrew them, you need to slide the cover towards the back of the case. And remove it. Then we completely remove the dispenser of the machine. In some models, to remove the dispenser, we need to press on the latch. Then we need to remove the control panel. To do this, unscrew the fixing screws. The panel can be neatly placed on the side of the case.
Next, open the hatch and remove the outer collar of the cuff. Clamps are different. Some are removed with pliers. Others can be removed using a slotted screwdriver. When the clamp is removed, we need to separate the cuff from the front of the case and tuck it inside the machine. So she will not bother us.
After we unscrew the lock. It is mounted on two screws. Twist them and stick your hand in between the cuff and the wall we separate the locking device from the inside of the machine wall. We remove all the remaining fasteners and remove the front of the case. We’ll also remove the back of the case in advance, so that you don’t mess around again.
Then we disconnect the dispenser hopper with the nozzle from the tank of the machine.To do this, we need to remove everything that interferes and loosen the clamp. We remove everything where it will not interfere. Then we need to remove the counterweight (if it is in front). If it is from behind, then we will also get to it and be sure to remove it. Usually the counterweight is bolted. We unscrew these bolts with a screwdriver.
Next, we select the heating element (TENu). Most models have it at the back. Some have the front. Before you take it off, we’ll take a photo of the wires so that we can then connect everything in the correct order. Then remove the mounting of the heater. More often it is mounted on one nut. Weaken it and press the screw. Then we pry up with a flat object (for example, a screwdriver) and take out the heater.
After that, remove the pipe, which is attached to the tank. We already learned to disconnect collars, therefore we do it without problems. Then we remove the wires that can be attached to the tank.
We get to the rear of the machine and remove the drive belt. Next, we disconnect the connector of the wires leading to the motor of the machine. Then we twist the screws that fix the engine. Then we get the engine, pulling it in its direction.
Then we twist the screws that fix the shock absorbers. And we separate their lower parts from the wall of the machine. It remains only to remove the spring. And the tank can be reached. All this should be done carefully so as not to drop the tank.
We disassemble the tank and change the bearings
Now we can put the removed tank on the table. It will be more convenient to continue disassembling. The rubber the cuff is made of may deteriorate during further work. Therefore, it is better to remove it. But first, it is worth noting its position with one or more features of the marker. Next, we remove the remaining clamp and pull out the cuff.
We put the tank so that it is convenient for us to remove the pulley. The pulley is mounted on one bolt. It must be unscrewed. After the pulley is removed, we need to drown the shaft inside the tank. Try to do it with your hands. And if that doesn't work, then a rubber mallet will help us. Then we disassemble the tank into two parts. Most often they are fastened with latches and / or screws.
When we divided the parts of the tank and pulled out a drum, we need to inspect the crosspiece, shaft and bushings. If the machine has been working with broken bearings for a long time, then it is likely that these parts could be permanently damaged.
For example, a crack may appear on the cross. The shaft may deteriorate so that the new oil seal will not contain water. The shaft can get backlash. And in this position, he will not work for a long time. If any of these breakdowns are noticeable, then the repair will require additional investment.
But let's hope that you did not delay the beginning of the repair and your machine is more or less whole. We clean the sleeve and shaft from scale and various dirt that could appear there. They must be processed very carefully so as not to leave any plaque and bring to an absolutely smooth state.
After that we will remove the bearings. To do this, we need a hammer and a blunt chisel. We take the part of the tank in which the bearings are placed and knock them out with these tools. Knock them out carefully so as not to damage the tank. One familiar master did this on his lap. So he prevented the possibility of breaking the tank from below from too much impact.
Usually, the gland also drops out with the bearing. If it does not fall out, then we extract it. We carefully process the mounting points of the bearings on the tank, remove dirt and everything that can be there. Next, they should be treated with a Litol-24 lubricant.
Next, we install new bearings, hammering them with the same hammer and chisel. Do not forget to install and generously lubricate the “Letolom-24” oil seal. Next, collect the tank. The tank seam and gasket must be treated with waterproof sealant.
Then we just have to collect the whole machine. After assembly, we carry out a test wash to make sure that the new bearings work properly.
By the way, if during the disassembly process, you will take a photo on your phone or camera, then you can facilitate the process of reassembling yourself. Photographing is necessary for all those parts that, in your opinion, will be difficult to assemble.
And for those who want to see the whole process of disassembling, assembling and replacing bearings on a video, we have prepared a special video. It is made in English, but if you repeat all the steps for the master, then there should be no problems. And so, look: